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万能材料试验机正确操作及保养方法

日期:2014-04-26 15:31:51

必威体育平台jutongji:youyuweizhengqueshiyongheweihushiyanjieryinfadeguzhangzhanqiguzhangfashenglvde1/3zuoyou,weici,bizhejieheduoniandegongzuoshijian,tanyitanwannengcailiaoshiyanji(yixiajianchengshiyanji)dezhengquecaozuojiweihubaoyang。

  正确操作

  1.xuanyongdupanzaishiyongshiyanjijinxingcailiaodejianceshi,dupanxuanyongshifouheshihuizhijieyingxiangdaosuoceshujudezhengqueyufou。guojiajiliangjiandingguichengguiding,shiyanjidejiandingfanweicongmeijiliangchengde20%zhizuidashiyanli。yinci,duishiyandedupanlaijiang,congqishidupande20%neideshizhiwuchajiaoda,zheijiuyaoqiushiyanrenyuanzaishiyanqianduishiyansuoyaodadaodezuidazaiheyougejibenguji,yibianxuanyongxiangyingdedupan。yi600qianniuwannengshiyanjiweili:ruguoduimouyishiyanggujizuidazaihezai90qianniuzuoyoushi,jiuyingxuan120qianniudupan,ruguoduimouyishiyanggujizuidazaihezai250qianniuzuoyoushi,jiuyingxuan300qianniudupan,zheiyangkeyishishiyanjieguogengweizhunque。

必威体育平台  2.xuanguabaituowannengshiyanjicaiyongbaigangudingxingshi,genjubutongceliangfanweierxuanguabutongdebaituo。zhenduidupanshangsanzhongbutongdeceliangfanwei,congxiaodaodayiciyongatuo,a+btuo,a+b+cbaituo,atuogudingzaibaiganshang。

  3.zhizhenlingdiandediaozhenggongzuoshijianzhonghaifaxianyoudecaozuorenyuanzailingdiandiaozhengshangcunzaihendadewucha。zaikaijidiaohaolingdianhou,jiukaishizuojiance,suozuochudejiancejieguobuzhunque,haizhaobuchuyuanyinsuozai。genbenwentishicaozuorenyuanmeiyoukaolvdaohaicunzaiyigechuanxingshiyanpingtai、lagan、shanghengliangdengde(yalishiyanjidegongzuohuosaijixiachengyapingban)zhongliang,zheiyangzuochudejiancejieguokendingbuzhunque。zhizhenlingdiandediaozhengyingzheiyangjinxing,dangxuanzehaodupan,jiaguahaobaituohou,zhudongzhenyingduiling。ruguobuduiling,qidiaozhengfangfashi:kaidongyoubeng,dakaisongyoufa,shigongzuohuosaizigangdishangsheng20mm~40mm,guanbisongyoufa,youbengbaochikongzhuan,mucebaiganshangdekexianyuhuanchongdangzuodekexianshifouduiqi。ruguobuduiqi,shuomingchuanxingshiyanpingtaidezhongliangmeiyoubeipinghengdiao,zheishixuyaodiaozhengpinghengtuo,zhidaoliangkexianduiqiweizhi。cishizaidaoqianmiandiaozhengdupanzhizhendelingdian,zhuandongsiganshizhizhenduiling。

  4.songyoufahehuiyoufadecaozuodangjinxingshiyangjiaheshiyingzhuyicaozuo,yinggenjubutongshiyangguidingdejiahesudujinxingdiaojie。zaijiaheguochengzhong,buyingturanshangshenghenkuai,shishiyangshoudaochongjili,yebuyinggaituranwuguguanbi,shishiyangsuoshoufuheturanxiajiangeryingxiangshiyanshujudezhengquexing。jiandandishuo,jiaheshibuxiehe,xieheshibujiahe。dangshiyangduanliehuopohuaihou,xianjiangsongyoufaguanbi,zaimanmandidakaihuiyoufa,shizhizhenhuiling。bixuqiangdiaoyidian,songyoufabunengningdeguojin,yimiansunhuaiyouzhendejianduan,erhuiyoufabixuningjin,yifangzhizaidadunweishihuiyoufalouyou。

  5.shiyangdezhuangjiazuolashenshiyanshi,xiankaidongyoubeng,ningkaisongyoufa,shigongzuohuosaishengqi20mm~40mm,ranhouguanbisongyoufa,jiangshiyangyiduanjiayushangqiankou,shizhizhenduilingzaidiaozhengxiaqiankou,jiazhushiyangxiaduan,zaijiachiqian,yinggenjushiyangdechicunhexingzhuangxuanzexiangyingguigedeqiankou,shiyangyingjiazaiqiankoudequanzhangshang,shangxiameiliangkuaiqiankoudeweizhibixuduicheng,weilebimianqiankouhuodong,huozhezaihuadongmianshangkenzhuhuoyaosi,keyongshimohehuangyoudehunhewurunhuazaiqiankouheqiankouzuodehuadongmianshang。zuoyasuoshiyanshi,jiangshangchengyabanzhuangzaiyougangzuodibu,xiachengyabanfangzaishitaizhongyangyourunhuazuoyongdeaoqiumianzuoshang,zhuyishiyangdezhongxinbixuyuyabanzhongxinxianzhonghe,yimianchanshengpianxinli。wanqushiyan,jiangyagunzhizuogenjushiyanxuyaodejuliyongluodinggudingzaishitaishang,erzhizuojiandezhongxinjuli,keshishitaicemiandekeduchierding,bixuyizhongxinduicheng,zhuangshangyatou。

必威体育平台  6.jianchahuanchongfashifouzhengchanghuanchongfadezuoyong,jiushidangshiyangduanliehou,youluxitongzhonggechudeyouyaturanxiajiang,weilebushibaiganjibaichuiyihenkuaidesuduhuiluo,yimianfashengchongzhuang,bixucaiyonghuanchongfa,shibaiganhuanmandihuiluodaoyuanlaideweizhi。shiyongshiyongatuojiangbaiganyangqiyigejiaodu,ranhoujiangshoufangsong,jianchashifouyouhuanchongzuoyong。huanchongfadiaozhengdezhengquefangfashizhuandongshoubing,shishoubingshangdekexianduizhunsuoyongdupandedunwei。genjubutongbaichui,jianghuanchongfadiaojiezhendexuanniuzhuanzaixiangyingdeweizhishang,congerkeyibaozhenggejidunweidebaiganhuiluojunyunyizhi。danshiyouxuduoshiyanjigenjushangshudefangfadiaozhenghouqihuanchongxiaoguobumingxian,shenzhigenbenbuqizuoyongshi,zheishiyoukenengzhuandongshoubingcuoweihuozhenxingfadingjianmosun,zheishikeyibukaolvshoubingshangdekexian,eranzhedunweiyouxiaodaodadefangxiangxuanzhuan,zhidaohuanchongzuoyongmingxianweizhi。ruguoningbudongshirengranbuqizuoyong,shuominghuanchongqiyingdangqingxihuoxiuli。

  试验步骤

  1.拉伸试验

必威体育平台  yishigenjushiyangxuanyongliangcheng,guahaotuobingduizhunkexian,bingdiaozhenghuanchongfashizhiyuliangchengfanweixiangshiying。

  ershidakaidianyuan,qidongyoubeng,kaiqisongyoufaranghuosaishangshengxiajiang200mm,2ci~3ci。

必威体育平台  sanshiranghuosaishangsheng20mm~40mm,diaozhizhenduizhunlingwei。

  sishidiaozhengyidonghengliangzhishidangweizhi。guanbisongyoufa,andongjiatou“kai”、“jiajin”anniu,jiajinshiyang,bixuzhuyishishiyangchuyuqianchuibingweiyuzhongjianweizhi。anshiyanyaoqiudejiahesududiaozhengzhishipanzhuansu。

必威体育平台  wushidakaisongyoufakaishijiahe,shizhizhendexuanzhuansuduyugenzongpandesudujibenbaochiyizhi。

  liushishiyangpohuaihou,guanbisongyoufa,jilushiyanshuju,jiangbeidongzhenbohuilingwei,quxiaduanliedeshiyang。

必威体育平台  qishizhongfuerdaoliudeneirongjixuxiayishiyan。

  2.抗压试验

  yishigenjushikuaixuanyongliangcheng,guahaotuobingduizhunkexian,bingdiaozhenghuanchongfashizhiyuliangchengfanweixiangshiying。

必威体育平台  ershijietongdianyuan,qidongyoubeng,dakaisongyoufashihuosaishangshengyiduan,diaozhizhenduiling,guanbisongyoufa。

  sanshiqidongjiazaisuduzhishiqi,genjujiazaisudu,diaozhengzhishipanyiyidingdezhuansuxuanzhuan。

  sishifanghaoshikuai。

  wushixunsujiangsongyoufadiaodaoxiangyingweizhi,yingbaochizhizhenyuzhishipantongbuxuanzhuan,zhizhishikuaiyasui,guanbisongyoufa,dakaihuiyoufa。

  liushijilushiyanshuju,bohuicongdongzhen.qishiqingchubeiyasuishikuai。

  bashizhongfusidaobadeneirongzhizhisuoyoushikuaizuowan。weihubaoyangshiyanjideweihuhebaoyanghenzhongyao,bingqieduitigaoshiyanjideshiyongshouminghebaochilianghaodegongzuoxingnengqidaohenzhongyaodezuoyong。

  yinci,caozuorenyuanyingfuzeduishiyanjijinxingweihuhebaoyang。

  1.yingdingqijinxingjiancha

  yishishiyanjishangdegebufenjingujian,youqishiyouguanjietouchuluomushifouningjin。

必威体育平台  ershijingchangdakaiyouxiangzuoshangbugaiban,guanchayouxiangzhongdeyoushifougouyong。

  sanshijianchabaiganshangdedaorenshifouzaidaochengshang,celihuosaidingduanshifoudingzaixiaowonei,celihuosaishangdexiaopidaishifouduanlie。

必威体育平台  sishidakaishanggaiban,jianchaxiaochuihexianxianshifouzhengchangyunzhuan,chiganlaihuiyundongshifoushouzu,zhizhenzhuandongshifoulingmin。

必威体育平台  wushijietongdianyuanhou,zhishidengshifouliang,andongyoubengkaiguan,jianchayoubengyunzhuanfangxiangshifouyujiantousuoshifangxiangyizhi。

  liushijianchaxiaqiankoushengjiangxianweikaiguanshifounengqizuoyongyijixiaqiankoudianjijiexianshifouzhengque。

必威体育平台  qishikaidongyoubeng,yongshoubandongbaigan,dangdupanzhudongzhenzhuandongyiquanbingchaoguo3%~5%(manfuhe)shi,youbengyingzidongtingzhi。

  bashijianchahuanchongfashifounengzhengchangshiyong,yongshoujiangatuobaiganyangqi30duzuoyoushituranfangshou,kanbaiganshifouhuanmanhuiluo。

  2.yingzhuyiyixiawenti

必威体育平台  yishikaicheqianhetingchehou,songyoufahehuiyoufayidingyaozhiyuguanbiweizhi,jiazaixiezaihehuiyoujunyinghuanmanjinxing。jiazaishi,yaoqiuzhizhenyunsupingwendizou,yanfangsongyoufakaideguoda,celizhizhenzoudetaikuai,zhishishijianshoudaochongjizuoyong。

  ershijiqiyunzhuanshi,caozongzhebudelikaiqiezhuyiliyaojizhong,yimianfashenganquanshigu。

  sanshilashenshijianjiazhuhou,budezaidiaojiexiajiatoudeweizhi。

  sishishiyanshibudechudongbaichui,yimianyingxiangdushudezhunque。

必威体育平台  wushizaishiyongjiqideguochengzhong,ruguotingdaoyishenghuofashengguzhangyinglijitingche,jinxingjianchahexiuli。

必威体育平台  liushifeishiyanjicaozuorenyuanbuyaosuibiankaidongshiyanji,yimianfashengyiwai。

  qishizixiyuedushiyongshuomingshu。

必威体育平台  bashishiyanjidegegebufenyingjingchangbaochiganjing,buyongshizuihaoyongbuzhaogaihao,yifanghuichenqinru。

  jiushishiyanshichuanxinggongzuotaishangbudefangzhiqitagongju,fangzhizhendongshizhuiluoshangrenhuosunhuaiyiqi。

  shishishiyanjisuoyongfujianyingfangzaiganzaodedifang。

  shiyishidingqijianchashiyanjideyongyoushifoubianzhi。

必威体育平台  shiershishiyanjimeinianyingyoujiliangjiandingjigoudingqijiandingyici,bukechaozhouqishiyong。

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